Articles, Book Chapters, Reports and Blogs

Salmi, J. (2024). “7 pecados capitales de Colombia que le impiden tener una educación superior de nivel mundial”. Observatorio de la Educación Superior Colombiana. 6 May 2024

Salmi, J., Altbach, P.G., and M. Yudkevich (2024). “Academic Star Wars: An analysis of nine excellence initiatives”. University World News. 20 January 2024. 

Salmi, J. (2024). “The Challenge of Improving Higher Education in Latin America”. Foro. VOL. 8, NO. 1, Pages. 19–35. January/February 2024. 

Salmi, J. (2023). “Equity promotion initiatives that can and do change lives”. University World News. 7 October.

Salmi, J. (2023). “Excellence Initiatives: No Substitute for Systemic Reform”. University World News. 15 July 2023.

Jackson-Hammond, C., and J. Salmi (2023). “The Changing Landscape of Higher Education Accreditation: A national and international perspective. In Taylor, O., Retland, N., and K. McGraw (2023). Higher Education in a Changing World. pp. 136-153

Salmi, J. (2023). “The Transformative Impact of Academic Excellence Initiatives”. International Higher Education. Number 115, Summer 2023, pp. 7-9. 

Salmi, J. (2023). “Equity in access and success in HE is no longer a luxury”. University World News. 24 January 2023.

Salmi, J. (2023). “Equity and Inclusion in Higher Education”. International Higher Education. Winter 2023, pp. 5-6. 

Salmi, J., 2022, Equity, Inclusion and Pluralism in Higher Education. Paper commissioned for the World Higher Education Conference 18-20 May 2022. 

Altbach, P., and J. Salmi (2022). “Academic Globalization: Where Did We Come from? Where Are We Going? International Higher Education. Number 111, Summer 2022.

Salmi, J. and M. Claville (2022). “Quality Assurance and Equity – A CIQG Discussion at the UNESCO World Higher Education Conference”. Quality International Newsletter.

Altbach, P., de Witt, H., and J. Salmi (2022). “In a new Cold War, academic engagement is still necessary”. University World News. 12 March 2022.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2021). “Why Latin America Needs World-Class Universities”. International Higher Education. Autumn Issue No. 108.

Salmi, J. (2021). “The Post-Covid Future from an Equity Perspective”. In Atherton, G. (ed). Perspectives on the challenges to access and equity in Higher Education across the world in the context of COVID. University of West London: National Education Opportunities Network (NEON).

Salmi, J. (2021). “Are Universities Better Off without Rankings?”  In van’t Land, H., Corcoran, A., and D-C. Iancu, Eds. (2021). The Promise of Higher Education: Essays in the Honor of the 70 Years of IAU. Cham: Springer.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2021). “Re-examine Western universities’ pasts, but not their academic values”, Times Higher Education. 2 September 2021.

Bentil, E. N., Nagashima, Y., Bayusuf, H., Salmi, J., Dieng, A., and V. Sundararaman (2021). “Youth empowerment: Reimagining and transforming skills development in Western and Central Africa”. World Bank Blogs. 21 July 2021.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2021). “¿Por qué América Latina necesita universidades de clase mundial? Mexico City: Nexos blogs. 14 April 2021.

Salmi, J. (2021). “The Museum of 20th-Century Universities”. Inside Higher Education. 9 April 2021.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2021). “Why Latin America Needs World-Class Universities”. University World News. 6 March 2021. Spanish version published by the Observatory of Colombian Universities.

Salmi, J (2021). “Sustainable financing of higher education after the pandemic”. Sjur Bergan, Tony Gallagher, Ira Harkavy, Ronaldo Munck and Hilligje van’t Land (eds). Higher Education Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic: Building a more sustainable and democratic future. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Higher Education Series No. 25.

Salmi, J. (2021). “Impact of Covid-19 on higher education from an equity perspective”. International Higher Education. Number 105, Winter 2021.

Jamil Salmi & Anna D’Addio (2020) Policies for achieving inclusion in higher education, Policy Reviews in Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/23322969.2020.1835529

Salmi, J., Arnhold, N., and R. Malee Bassett (2020). “The Big Bad Wolf moves south: How COVID-19 affects higher education financing in developing countries”. World Bank blog. 24 June 2020.

Salmi, J. (2020). “New Challenges for Tertiary Education in the Twenty-First Century”. In Schwartzman, S. (Ed.). Higher Education in Latin America and the Challenges of the 21st Century. Springer. Pp. 19-30.

Brown, C., and J. Salmi (2020). “Putting fairness at the heart of higher education”. University World News. 18 April 2020.

Salmi, J. (2020). “Measuring the Impact of Equity Promotion Policies”. International Higher Education. Number 101 Spring 2020, pp. 32-33.

Brown, C. and J. Salmi (2020). “Readying for the Future: COVID-19, Higher Ed, and Fairness”. The Lumina Foundation.

Salmi, J. (2020). “Tertiary Education is Indispensable to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals”. International Higher Education. Number 100 Winter 2020, pp. 14-15.

Salmi, J. (2019). Measuring the Impact of Equity Promotion Policies: Lessons from National and Institutional Case Studies. Indianapolis and London: Lumina Foundation.

Salmi, J. (2019). “Rethinking Tertiary Education: High-Level Skills and Research”. El Tayeb El-Kogali, S. and C. Krafft (eds). Expectations and Aspirations: A New Framework for Education in the Middle East and North Africa. Washington DC: the World Bank, pp. 263-270.

Andoh, H., and J. Salmi (2019). “The Internationalization Agenda of African Universities in the Next Decade”. International Higher Education. Number 99: Fall 2019, pp. 21-23.

Salmi, J. and Ly Thi Pham (2019). Academic Governance and Leadership in Vietnam: Trends and Challenges. Journal of International and Comparative Education, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp. 103-118.

Salmi, J. (2019). “Equity Policies Worldwide”. International Higher Education. Number 98, Summer 2019.

Guerra Botello, R., Mohamedbhai, G., Pijano, C., and J. Salmi (2019). “Is free tuition the panacea to improve equity in higher education?” Washington DC: Council for Higher Education Accreditation, Policy Brief Number 13, April 2019.

Salmi, J. (2019). “All Around the World – Higher education equity policies across the globe”. Quality International. Volume 15, February 2019.

Salmi, J. (2018). All Around the World – Higher education equity policies across the globe. The Lumina Foundation.

Salmi, J. (2018). “The Art of Starting a New University: Lessons of Experience”. In Wu, Y., Wang, Q, and N. Cai Liu (Eds). World-Class Universities: Towards a Global Common Good and Seeking National and Institutional Contributions. Leiden and Boston: Brill Sense (pp. 125-140).

De Maret, P., and J. Salmi (2018). “World-Class Universities in a Post-Truth World”. In Wu, Y., Wang, Q, and N. Cai Liu (Eds). World-Class Universities: Towards a Global Common Good and Seeking National and Institutional Contributions. Leiden and Boston: Brill Sense (pp. 70-87).

Salmi, J. (2018). “Las dimensiones sociales en el aseguramiento de la calidad”. In ANECA (2018). Informe sobre el Estado de la Evaluación Externa de la Calidad en las Universidades Españolas. Madrid: Agencia Nacional de Evaluación de la Calidad en España, pp. 182-188.

Salmi, J. (2018). “Social Dimension Within a Quality Oriented Higher Education System”. In Curaj, A., Deca, L. and R. Pricopie, Eds.; Bergan, S., Hazelkorn, E., Matei, L., Salmi, J., and H. de Wit, Co-Eds. (2018). European Higher Education Area: The Impact of Past and Future Policies. Cham: Springer. Pages 141-154.

Le Prestre, P. et al (2018). “France’s Quest for Excellence in Higher Education”. Journal of the European Higher Education Area. Vol. 1, pp. 79-94.

De Maret, P., and J. Salmi (2018). “World-Class Universities in a Post-Truth World.” Inside Higher Education. 9 April 2018.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2017). “India: World-Class Universities?” International Higher Education. No. 91, Fall 2017.

Salmi, J., Sursock, A., and A. Olefir (2017). “Improving the performance of Ethiopian universities in science and technology : a policy note.” Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Salmi, J. (2017). “Tertiary Education is Indispensable to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals”. Inside Higher Education.

Salmi, J and R. M. Helms (2017). “Fighting corruption in higher education through good governance.” IAU Horizons. Vol. 22 No. 1 May 2017.

Salmi, J. (2017). “Young University Rankings 2017: 14 mistakes new universities make.” Times Higher Education. 5 April 2017.

Salmi, J. and K. Salmi (2017). “Is the brain drain always negative?University World News. 24 March 2017 Issue No 452.

Salmi, J. and K. Salmi (2017). “What is the Brain Drain: Definition and Scope.” In Higher Education in the World 6: Towards a Socially Responsible University – Balancing the Global with the Local. Barcelona: GUNI Global Network for Innovation.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2016). “World-Class Universities.” In  Shin, J.C. and P. Teixeira (Eds). Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. Springer Netherlands.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Peril and Promise: A Decade Later.” International Journal of African Higher Education. Vol. 3 No. 1, pp. 43-50.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Combatir la deserción en la educación superior: lecciones a partir de la experiencia internacional.” Report prepared for Universia.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Tertiary Education and the Sustainable Development Goals: In Search of a Viable Financing Model.” Background Paper The Learning Generation. New York City: The International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Excellence Strategies and the Creation of World-Class Universities.” In Liu, N. C., Cheng, Y., and Q. Wang (Eds.). Matching Visibility and Performance: A Standing Challenge for World-Class Universities. Rotterdam/Boston/Taipei: Sense Publishers.

Salmi, J. (2016). “El Futuro Inseguro de la Educación Superior en América Latina.” Periscopio Latinoamericano. AULCPI. September-December 2016, No. 1.

Georgiana Mihut, Philip G. Altbach & Jamil Salmi (2016). International advisory councils and internationalization of governance: a qualitative analysis”, European Journal of Higher Education.

Salmi, J. and O. Tavares (2016). “The Business of Cross-Border Higher Education.” In Rosa, M. J., Sarrico, C.S., Tavares, O., and A. Amaral (2016). Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

Altbach, P. G., Mihut, G., and J. Salmi (2016). “International Advisory Councils: A New Aspect of Internationalization”. International Higher Education. Number 87, Fall 2016.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Excellence Initiatives to Create World-Class Universities: Do They Work?” International Higher Education. Number 87, Fall 2016.

Altbach, P. G., Mihut, G., and J. Salmi (2016). “Are international advisory councils the future?” University World News. Issue No. 420. 1 July 2016.

Salmi, J. “Excellence Strategies and the Creation of World-Class Universities.” In Hazelkorn, E. ed. (2016). Global rankings and the geopolitics of higher education: Understanding the influence and impact of rankings on higher education, policy and society. London: Routledge (2016).

Altbach, P., Mihut, G., and J. Salmi (2016). Sage Advice: International Advisory Councils at Tertiary Education Institutions. Washington DC and Boston: The World Bank and Boston College Center for International Higher Education.

Salmi, J. (2016). “Principle 5: Quality and Accountability.” In Uvalić-Trumbić, S. (2016). The CIQG International Quality Principles: Toward a Shared Understanding of Quality. Washington DC: CHEA Council for Higher Education Accreditation, pp. 39-46.

Heitor, M., Horta, H., and J. Salmi (2016). “Looking Forward: Building Capacity in Latin America.” In Horta, H., Heitor, M., and J. Salmi eds. (2016). Trends and Challenges in Science and Higher Education: Building Capacity in Latin America. Heidelberg: Springer.

Salmi, J. (2015). Study on Open Science: Impact, Implications and Policy Options. Brussels: the European Commission.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2015). “Is there a ‘special sauce’ for university innovation?University World News. Issue No. 383, 25 September 2015.

Salmi, J. (2015). Is Big Brother Watching You? The Evolving Role of the State in Regulating and Conducting Quality Assurance. Washington DC: Council of Higher Education Accreditation. (Available in Arabic).

Salmi, J. (2015). “Ibero-America still lags”. Inside Higher Education. 11 January 2015.

Salmi, J. (2014). “The Challenge of Sustaining Student Loans Systems: Lessons from Chile and Colombia”. In Chapman, B., Higgins, T., and J. Stiglitz (eds). Income Contingent Loans: Theory, Practice and Prospects. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

Salmi, J. (2014). “Las reformas de educación superior en Iberoamérica en una perspectiva global.” In Brunner, J.J. and C. Villalobos, eds. Políticas de Educación Superior en Iberoamérica 2009-2013. Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Diego Portales.

Salmi, J. (2014). “La educación en un punto decisive”. Ruta Maestra. Bogota: Santillana Publishers. Volume 9.

Salmi, J., Hâj, C. M., and D. Alexe (2014). “Equity from an Institutional Perspective in the Romanian Higher Education System.” In Curaj, A., Deca, L., Egron-Polak, E., and J. Salmi, eds. (2014). Higher Education Reforms in Romania: Between the Bologna Process and National Challenges. Heidelberger: Springer. Pp. 63-86.

Salmi, J. (2014). “El desafío de pensar una política de internacionalización de la educación superior en Colombia”.  Ministry of Education of Colombia. Reflexiones para la Política de Internacionalización de la Educación Superior en Colombia.  Bogota: Ministry of Education.

Salmi, J. (2014). “La urgencia de ir adelante: propuestas para la transformación de la educación superior en Colombia.” Varelo, A. R. and I. Pacheco (eds). Educación Superior en Colombia: Doce Propuestas para la Próxima Decena. Boston and Barranquilla: Boston College and Universidad del Norte.

Salmi, J. and R. Malee Bassett (2014).  “The equity imperative in tertiary education: Promoting fairness and efficiency.” International Review of Education.  Springer.  January 2014.

Malee Bassett, R. and J. Salmi (2014).  “International Higher Education: Bridging Academia and Global Policy Development at the World Bank”.  Maldonado-Maldonado A., and R. Malee Bassett, Eds.  The Forefront of International Higher Education: A Festschrift in Honor of Philip G. Altbach.  Heidelberg: Springer.

Salmi, J. (2014). “The Governance Challenge for Ibero-American Universities”.  Inside Higher Education.  Posted on 29 January 2014.

González, S., J.J. Brunner, and J. Salmi (2013).  “Comparación Internacional de Remuneraciones Académicas: Un Estudio Exploratorio”.  Revista Calidad en la Educación. No. 39 2nd Semester 2013.

Salmi, J. (2013).  Formas Exitosas de Gobierno Universitario en el Mundo.  CYD Foundation Study # 03/2013.

Salmi, J. (2013).  Formas Exitosas de Gobierno de las Universidades:un Reto para el Mundo Ibérico-Americano”. Blog entry posted on 25 November 2013.

Salmi, J. and R. Matross Helms (2013).  “Governance instruments to combat corruption in higher education”, in Transparency International’s Global Corruption Report: Education.  London and New York: Earthscan, Transparency International, Routledge. Pages 108-112.

Salmi, J. (2013).  “Reconstructing higher education in Myanmar”.  University World NewsIssue 283, 18 August 2013.

Salmi, J. (2013).  “Defining a sustainable financing strategy for tertiary education in developing countries.” Policy Note for AusAID.

Salmi, J. (2013).  “Constructing a differentiated tertiary education system.” Policy Note for AusAID.

Salmi, J. (2013).  “Effective change strategies in tertiary education reforms.”  Policy Note for AusAID.

Salmi, J. (2013). “The Challenge of Sustaining Student Loan Systems: In Colombia and Chile”.  International Higher Education.  Number 72: Summer 2013.  Pp. 21-23.  Also available in Spanish.

Salmi, J. (2013). La Urgencia de Ir Adelante: Perspectivas desde la Experiencia Internacional para la Transformación de la Educación Superior en ColombiaReport prepared for the Colombian Ministry of Education.

Salmi, J. (2013).  “If ranking is the disease, is benchmarking the cure?”  In Marope, P.T.M., Wells, P. J. and E. Hazelkorn (eds).  Rankings and Accountability in Higher Education: Uses and Misuses.  Paris: UNESCO, pp. 235-256.

Salmi, J. (2013).  Daring to Soar: A Strategy for Developing World-Class Universities in Chile”.  Pensamiento Educativo.  Vol 50 No. 1. Pp. 130-146. (in English and Spanish).

Salmi, J. (2013). “If ranking is the disease, is benchmarking the cure?”.  In Larionova, M. and O. Perfilieva (eds).  Rationales for Internationalization. Moscow: Logos Publishing House.  (Russian language version).

Salmi, J. and I. Frumin (2013).  “Excellence initiatives to establish world-class universities: evaluation of recent experiences.” Journal of Educational Studies.  Moscow: No 1, 2013 (in Russian).

Salmi, J. (2013).  “The race for excellence – A marathon not a sprint”.  University World News. Issue No. 254. 13 January 2013.

Salmi, J. (2012).  “Why invest in tertiary education?”  Policy Note written for AusAID.

Salmi, J. (2012). “Lessons from International Experience: Promoting Tertiary Education Development and Reform.”  Policy Note written for AusAID.

Salmi, J. (2012).  “Is Donor Investment in Tertiary Education Compatible with a Pro-Poor and Equity Agenda?”  Policy Note written for AusAID.

Salmi, J (2012).  “Attracting talent in a global academic world: How emerging research universities can benefit from brain circulation.”  The Academic Executive Brief.  June 2012.

Salmi, J (2012).  “The 100 Under 50: From zero to hero.”  Times Higher Education.  31 May 2012.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2012). “International advisors – A valuable asset or an added expense?”  University World News.  15 April 2012 Issue No:217.

Altbach, P. and J. Salmi (2012).  “Sage Advice”.  Times Higher Education. 16 February 2012.

Salmi, J. and S. Kosaraju (2012).  “Benchmarking Tertiary Education”.  Strengthening Education Quality in East Asia: System Assessment and Benchmarking for Education Results.  Bangkok and Washington DC: UNESCO and the World Bank.

Salmi, J. and R. M. Bassett (2011).  “Opportunities for All? The Equity Challenge in Tertiary Education”.  IAU Horizons.  Volume 17 No 2, October 2011.

Salmi, J. and S. Kosaraju (2011).  “If Ranking is the Disease, is Benchmarking the Cure?  Evaluation in Higher Education.  Volume 5, No. 1, June 2011.

Salmi, J. (2011).  “The Road to Academic Excellence: Lessons of Experience”.  Posted on 5 October 2011.

Salmi, J. (2011).  “Evolution of a World-Class University: Balancing Local Growth and Global Appeal”.  Posted on 1 July 2011.

Salmi, J. and J. Pye (2010). “An Uphill Struggle?  Equity in Higher Education for People with Disabilities.  Posted on 3 December 2010.

Salmi, J. (2010).  “Growing Pains: Ten Common Errors When Building a World-Class University”.  Posted on 7 September 2010.

Salmi, J. (2010).  “Nine Common Errors When Building a World-Class University”.  Posted on 22 August 2010.

Salmi, J.  and R. Malee Basssett (2010).  “Transforming Higher Education in Developing Countries: the Role of the World Bank”.  International Encyclopedia of Education 3rd Edition. Edited by Eva Baker, Penelope Peterson and Barry McGaw, Elsevier 2010, pp. 590-596.  Encyclopedia article – role of the WB

Salmi, J. (2010).  “Ensuring the Successful Implementation of Financing Reforms”.  Financing Higher Education in Africa.  Washington DC: The World Bank (pp. 157-170).

Salmi, J. (2010).  “The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Universities in Developing Countries”, in Altbach, P. Editor.  Leadership for World-Class Universities: Challenges for Developing Countries. New York and London: Routledge.

Salmi, J. (2009).  “Contribución de la educación superior en el desarrollo de América latina”.  Crédito Educativo: Experiencias Internacionales y Desafíos Futuros en América Latina.  Lima: UNIVERSIA.

Salmi, J. and Bassett, R.M. (2009). ‘Rankings 09: measures matter’, Times Higher Education, 8 October, available at

Salmi, J. (2009). “Scenarios for Financial Sustainability of Tertiary Education”. Higher Education to 2030. Centre for Educational Research and Innovation. Paris: OECD, pp. 285-322.

Salmi, J. (2009).  “The Challenge of Establishing World-Class Research Universities in Developing Countries”.  Weber, L. E., and J. J. Duderstadt (eds.). University Research for Innovation.  London: Economica.

Salmi, J. (2009).  “Chasing World-Class Status.”  Currents.  Nov/Dec 2009, pp. 15-16.

Salmi, J. and R. M. Bassett (2009).  “Rankings and League Tables: a Global Perspective.” Evaluation Results, (22) 11, pp. 17-22.

Salmi, J. (2009).  “Violence, integrity and education”.  Global Crime.  10:4, pp 396-415.

Salmi, J. and I. Froumin (2007).  “Establishing World-Class Universities in Russia”(in Russian).  Education Issues Number 3, 2007.

Salmi, J. (2007).  “Autonomy from the State vs responsiveness to markets.” Higher Education Policy.  Volume 20, No. 3, pp. 223-242.. Paris: International Association of Universities.

Salmi, J. and A. Saroyan. (2007). League Tables as Policy Instruments: Constructive Uses for the Benefit of Higher Education. IAU Horizons, vol. 13, no. 2-3, p. 1-3.

Salmi, J., and A. Saroyan (2007).  “League Tables as Policy Instruments: Uses and Misuses.” Higher Education Management and Policy.  Volume 19, No. 2.  OECD, Paris.

Salmi, J. (2007).  “The Growing Accountability Agenda: Progress or Mixed Blessing?”.  International Higher Education.  Number 50, Winter 2007.

Salmi, J., and A. M. Hauptman (2006).  “Innovations in Tertiary Education Financing: A Comparative Evaluation of Allocation Mechanisms.”WashingtonD.C., The World Bank.  Education Working Paper Series Number 4.  September 2006.  Available also in Chinese.

Salmi, J. (2006).  “Violence, Democracy and Education: An Analytical Framework”, in Roberts-Schweitzer, E. ed., Promoting Social Cohesion Through Education. WashingtonDC:  The World Bank Institute.

Salmi, J. (2006).  “Constructing Knowledge Societies:  New Challenges for Education”, in Journal of Education for International Development, Volume 2, Issue 1.  Available online at

Salmi, J. (2006).  “Violence, Democracy and Education: An Analytical Framework”, in Yeakey, C.C., Richardson, J.W. and J. B. Buck (eds).  Suffer the Little Children: National and International Dimensions of Child Poverty and Public Policy.  Oxford: Elsevier.

Salmi, J. and A. M. Hauptman (2006).  “Resource Allocation Mechanisms in Tertiary Education: a Typology and an Assessment”, in Higher Education in the World 2006: The Financing of Universities. New York, Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 60-81.

Salmi, J. (2005).  “Tertiary Education and Research in 2020: A View from the Developing World.”, in Enders, J., Huisman J., and D. Westerheijden (Eds.).  The European Higher Education and Research Landscape 2020:  Scenarios and Strategic Debates.  Enschede: Center for Higher Education Policy.

Salmi, J. and A. Hauptman (2005).  “Innovations in the Allocation of Public Funds”, in International Higher Education. Boston:  The Boston College Center for International Higher Education, Number 41, Fall 2005, pp. 8-9.

Salmi, J. (2004).  “Violence in democratic societies: towards an analytic framework”, in Hilly, P., C. Pantazis, S. Tombs and D. Gordon.  Beyond Criminology: Taking Harm Seriously.  London, Ann Arbor, MI and Black Point, Nova Scotia.  Pluto Press and Fernwood Publishing.